Lesson 39 – Book I
- Odysseus is imprisoned on an island by the daughter of Atlas, Calypso, who wants Odysseus for herself.
- Athena is disguised as a stranger, Mentes, the Taphian leader.
- Suitors have come and are eating enormous amounts of food and pressuring Penelope.
- The suitors insist Odysseus must be dead and Penelope should marry one of them.
- Athena advises Telemachus to grow up and take charge, send the suitors home, and go on a search for news of his father.
Lesson 40 – Book II
- She tells them to wait until she has woven a shroud, but she weaves by day and unravels by night.
- She gives him wise advice, encourages him, goes with him, gives him a ship, a crew, and a good wind.
Lesson 41 – Book III
- Nestor admires Odysseus.
- He offers prayers and sacrifices for her favor.
Lesson 42 – Book IV
- He sheds tears over Odysseus’ and resembles him.
- He loves him, admires him, and feels indebted to him.
- He plans to ambush his ship and kill him.
Lesson 43 – Book V
- He’s sent to tell Calypso to let Odysseus go home.
- He can put people to sleep or awaken them.
- She doesn’t want to let Odysseus go, but she obeys.
- Poseidon sends a terrible storm and batters Odysseus’ raft.
- Odysseus washes ashore and falls asleep under the protection of some olive shoots.
Lesson 44 – Book VI
- She tells Nausicaa to wash her clothes and travel to the water by cart.
- The girls are playing ball and the ball goes into deep water, causing them all to shout. Their noise wakes Odysseus.
- Athena put courage in her heart.
- She makes him look taller and stronger and makes the hair on his head grow thick and long.
- She’s afraid people will gossip and think poorly of her if they see Odysseus riding with her in the cart.
- She tells him to hide in her father’s garden, then later go into town, ask for her father’s house, and entreat her mother’s favor.
Lesson 45 – Book VII
- They are best known for shipping, and the women for weaving.
- They treat him royally.
Lesson 46 – Book VIII
- He uses food, drink, song, games of sport, and dancing.
- He’s a blind bard who sings and plays the lute.
- He gives him a ship and excellent sailors to take him home safely.
- He weeps.
Lesson 47 – Book IX
- They experienced forgetfulness of home and a desire to stay.
- The door was so heavy that 22 carts could not move it.
- He kills and eats two crew members.
- He realizes they can’t move the rock away from the cave opening.
- He gives him a gift of wine.
- He says he will eat Odysseus last.
- They hide under the bellies of sheep.
- He begins to taunt the Cyclops.
- He tears the top off a high mountain and throws it at Odysseus’s ship.
- A prophet prophesied that the Cyclops would lose his sight by the hand of Odysseus.
- He asks Poseidon to heal him and to give Odysseus much trouble on the way home and when he gets home.
Lesson 48 – Book X
- Aeolus son of Hippotas.
- He binds up the stormy winds in a sack.
- They open the sack thinking there’s gold inside and they release the storms.
- They threw rocks at Odysseus and his men and speared them like fishes and took them home to eat them.
- She drugged them and turned them into pigs.
- She sends him to Hades to perform certain rituals.
Lesson 49 – Book XI
- He offers sacrifices.
- He is a seer.
- He wants to know his fate.
- He says it will be a hard trip home, but it will be possible for him to make it.
- He should take revenge and kill them.
- He should make peace with Poseidon.
- She died of longing for Odysseus.
Lesson 50 – Book XII
- They lose all desire for home and they just die listening to the song.
- She says his men should stuff their ears with wax and he should be tied to the mast.
- She describes her as a monster with 12 misshapen feet, six necks and heads, and three rows of teeth in each head.
- She is a whirlpool that will devour Odysseus’s ship if he gets too close.
- He did not tell them about Scylla.
- Odysseus told them repeatedly not to kill the cattle of the sun but they did it anyway while he was sleeping and they were killed for it.
Lesson 51 – Book XIII
- He slept soundly the entire way, even after they arrived and they lifted him out of the ship.
- He wants to kill all the men in the ship and erect a mound around the city.
- He decides not to take anybody else home and to offer sacrifices to Poseidon.
- She wants to disguise him for his protection so he can best the suitors.
- She tells him to wait at the swineherd’s until she brings Telemachus.
Lesson 52 – Book XIV
- He says Odysseus (himself) will return this very year and do vengeance on all those who are ill-treating his wife and son.
- He is a beggar, an old man, with holey clothes and gray hair.
Lesson 53 – Book XV
- He’s taken care of his flocks and honored Odysseus’s parents.
- (Answers will vary)
Lesson 54 – Book XVI
- He calls him old friend.
- She gives him nice clothes, a strong body, and a beautiful face and skin.
- Telemachus thinks Odysseus is a god.
- They plan to take away the suitors’ weapons and armor and hide them away, keeping two of them for themselves.
Lesson 55 – Book XVII
- He tells her to wash her face, change her dress, go upstairs with her maids, and promise sacrifices to the gods if they’ll grant revenge upon the suitors.
- He says that Odysseus is already in Ithaca and will have revenge.
- His dog, Argos, recognizes him immediately.
- He wants to test their loyalty.
Lesson 56 – Book XVIII
- Irus is a beggar who wants to beg at Odysseus’s house and doesn’t want the “competition” of Odysseus begging there as well.
- She tricks the suitors into giving her presents.
- Melantho and Eurymachus anger Odysseus.
Lesson 57 – Book XIX
- He tells her that he met Odysseus a long time ago and that he will be coming soon.
- She recognizes a scar on his leg.
- A wild boar attacked him while he was hunting with his grandfather.
- Penelope is challenging the suitors to string Odysseus’s bow and shoot an arrow through twelve axes like Odysseus used to do. That will be the suitor she chooses.
Lesson 58 – Book XX
- Melanthius the goatherd and Ctesippus treat Odysseus poorly.
- Philoetius is kind to Odysseus.
- (Answers will vary)
Lesson 59 – Book XXI
- He reveals himself to Eumaeus and Philoetius.
- They fear he will succeed and shame them.
- He successfully strings the bow and shoots the targets.
Lesson 60 – Book XXII
- He kills Antinous. He seemed to be the leader and had mocked Odysseus the beggar relentlessly.
- He claims that everything was Antinous’s fault.
- Melanthius is caught taking weapons. They bind him and hang him from the rafters.
- Phemius the minstrel begs to be spared. Telemachus says he is guiltless, as well as Medon who was good to him when he was a boy.
- Odysseus asks Euryclea to send them to him.
- He has them help clean up the mess the battle has created, and then he has them hanged.
- He is violently killed.
Lesson 61 – Book XXIII
- She tells Euryclea to move his bed. He built it in a way that it can’t be moved.
- She is so overcome with shock, she can’t believe it’s really him.
- He has to travel a long distance and make a sacrifice to Poseidon. His reward will be a long, happy life.
- He leaves to go see his father. He tells Penelope to stay upstairs with the women, to see nobody, and to ask no questions.
Lesson 62 – Book XXIV
- He shows him his scar and tells how he got it before sharing other memories.
- He’s afraid the townspeople will seek revenge for the death of the suitors.
- The families of the slain suitors.
- He kills Eupiethes, the father of Antinous.
- Athena stops the battle.