Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire lasted from 1299 to 1923. It was centered in Turkey and controlled the eastern and southern lands around the Mediterranean Sea. The empire was founded by Osman I around 1299, and was most powerful from around 1400 to 1600, when it controlled trade and politics in southeastern Europe, southwest Asia, and northern Africa.

OttomanEmpireMain.png

Suleiman the Magnificent was one of the most powerful rulers.

The empire was a collection of conquered countries. The Sultan sent governors to rule these countries or provinces.

In later years, the Ottoman Empire began to weaken. The empire stopped expanding and Europe and India grew stronger economically.

In the latter part of the 19th century, the Ottoman Empire became known as “the sick man of Europe.” The empire was defeated in World War I and broke into pieces.

 

Battle of Nicopolis
Battle of Nicopolis in 1396; Painting from 1523

 

Zonaro GatesofConst
Sultan Mehmed II’s entry into Constantinople; painting by Fausto Zonaro (1854–1929)

 

Suleiman I after the victory at Mohács
Battle of Mohács in 1526

 

Battle of Preveza (1538)
Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha defeats the Holy League of Charles V under the command of Andrea Doria at the Battle of Preveza in 1538

 

Szigetvar 1566
Ottoman miniature about the Szigetvár campaign showing Ottoman troops and Tatars as avantgarde

 

Naval confrontation at Lepanto
Battle of Lepanto in 1571

 

Boksida, karta ur Wr.110:5 (Turc. Imper. Asia Geographie (I.34.17) - Skoklosters slott - 82210

 

(source)

CC BY-SA 3.0