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Course Description, Math 1 — Students will learn basic number concepts such as odd and even, more and less, patterns and ordinals. Students will write numbers to 100 and will count to 100 by fives and tens. Students will also gain a basic understanding of fractions, graphing, telling time and counting money. Students will understand the concepts of addition and subtraction and will memorize facts zero through five.
In the beginning of the year, they write number words. If writing is hard, use typing or handwriting tracing sheets or assign half of the writing that day.
Learn more about our math course books for offline learning.
PRINTABLES are worksheets to use with this online course.
Print the Math 1 Printables / Buy these printables in book form
Answers to the printables pages
Counting to 100, Odd and Even
Parents:
 If you didn’t get here through My EP Assignments, I suggest you go there and create an account.
 This course has an offline version and a printables workbook. Scroll up for links.
Please decide about buying workbooks or printing out the worksheet packets for the year. You’ll want those worksheets available when they come up in the curriculum.
Students:
 Count to 20 by popping the balloons in order.
 Play Snakes and Ladders. You can play alone or with someone. (Here’s an alternate link if that one isn’t working.)
 Fill in the missing numbers in the Number Square.
 Ordering numbers Make sure you read the directions! It changes! Sometimes it says to click on the cars smallest to largest. That means you will click on the lowest number first. If it says to click on the cars largest to smallest, then you will click on the highest number first.
*Day 3 (Note that an asterisk * indicates that there is a worksheet on this day)
 Watch the video about odd and even numbers.
 Then listen to a song video.
 *Decide if each number is odd or even. Color in the odd numbers. Print out this 100s chart and trace and color in the odd numbers or color in their squares. Hold onto your paper. Answers
 Read Odd and Even.
 Color in the even numbers on your 100s chart from Day 3.
 Decide whether each number is Odd or Even.
 Odd and Evens Click on the picture of the game, “Odd or Even” (at the top of the list). Click on up to 100. Remember, just look at the end of each number to decide if it is odd or even.
 Play musical memory. Press okay to start.
Writing numbers 1 – 100, Patterns
Day 6*
 *Trace and write numbers to 20. Keep your paper!
 Count by 2s out loud using your 100s chart. Say all the odd numbers. Use your finger to jump over the evens and to point to the odds.
 *Complete the patterns on the Day 6 worksheet. Answers
 Trace and write numbers 21 – 40 using your Day 6+ worksheet.
 Count by 2s out loud using your 100s chart. Say all the even numbers.
 Play Pattern Matcher.
 Trace and write numbers 41 – 60 using your Day 6+ worksheet.
 Count by 2s out loud. Say all the odd numbers. Try to not look at your paper.
 *Complete the pattern worksheet. Answers
 Trace and write numbers 61 – 80 using your Day 6+ worksheet.
 Count by 2s out loud. Say all the even numbers. Try to not look at your paper.
 Complete worksheet online
 Trace and write numbers 81100 using your Day 6+ worksheet.
 Count backward out loud from 100 to 1. Try and not look at your paper.
 Play the number sequence game. Stop and think. What makes sense in the blank? Can you figure out the pattern?
 Watch the First Circus Act.
 Fill in numbers 110 on online worksheet.
 Write these number words in your notebook: one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten.
 Watch ordinal number videos.
 Fill in online worksheet on ordinals
 Write these ordinal number words in your notebook: first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth.
 Fill in online worksheet on higher ordinals
 Write these number words in your notebook: eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty
 Draw a picture of 7 objects in a line. Then circle the first. Draw a line under the third. Draw an X over the fifth. And write the ordinal number word for the last object in line. Have a parent or older brother or sister check your work. Were you right?
 Fill in numbers 1 100 on online worksheet
 Fill in number words 1 100 on online worksheet or write these number words in your notebook: twentyone, twentytwo, twentythree, twentyfour, twentyfive, twentysix, twentyseven, twentyeight, twentynine, thirty
 Fill in count by 2s worksheet online
 Write in your notebook: forty, fifty, sixty, seventy, eighty, ninety, one hundred
 Play musical memory. Press okay to start.
 Put two coins in your hand (if you really can’t find 2 coins, you can use something else.) Now go and ask your mom (or someone else) to give you zero more coins. How many coins do you have in your hand now?
 You just learned that 2 plus 0 more is still 2. We say 2 plus 0 equals 2 You can write it like this 2 + 0 = 2.
 Do activity 1 again but this time put 5 coins in your hand. How many coins do you have in your hand after you ask for 0 (zero) more?
 You just learned that 5 plus 0 more is still 5. We say 5 plus 0 equals 5. You can write it like this 5 + 0 = 5.
 Activity 3 Practicing adding 0 online. You are allowed to do 10 problems.
 *Add zero using the Day 17 worksheet. Answers
 Gather 10 Legos (or blocks or pennies or something — 10 of the same kind of thing)
 step 2 Count out 3 legos and connect them (or stack together whatever you collected).
 step 3 Add on one more. To do that connect one more lego (or add one more thing) to your stack.
 step 4 Count how many are in your stack now.
 You just learned that 3 plus 1 more is 4. We say 3 plus 1 equals 4. We write 3 + 1 = 4 .
 Repeat steps 2, 3 and 4 but count out 4 legos.
 You just learned that 4 plus 1 more is 5. We say 4 plus 1 equals 5. We write 4 + 1 = 5 .
 Try again but count out 5 blocks this time.
 Keep experimenting.
 Write 3 + 1 = 4 on a piece of paper and then draw a picture of that problem. Think about stacking and counting from Day 17.
 *Add one using the Day 18 worksheet. Answers
 Get 11 pieces of scrap paper. Computer paper used on one side would be perfect. Write a number big on each piece of paper from 0 to 10.
 Lay the papers out in order. This is a number line.
 Stand on zero. Add one. Stand on the answer. Say, “Zero plus 1 equals 1.” Now add one again. Stand on the answer. Say, “1 + 1 = 2” Keep doing the same until you get to ten.
 Practice adding 1 online
 Play musical memory. Press okay to start.
 Build math problems on the computer. Build the problem 5 + 1 = 6 just like you drew a problem the other day. What other problems can you make a picture for?
 *Print out the Day 21 addition worksheet. Read the worksheet carefully and practice with the number line. Answers
 Now try this addition game.
 Draw a picture of 2 plus 3 equals 5, 2 + 3 = 5.
 Do you remember how to count to add? Try this online activity.
 Now, every day I’m going to tell you a new addition problem I want you to remember. Today’s is two plus two equals four. Say it out loud. Now write on a new page of your notebook, 2 + 2 = 4. At the top of the page write Addition Facts.
 Then you are going to practice what you know. Change the first ten to a 2. Change the second ten to a 2. Do ten problems. Click on the button “Generate” to start. (You might want to have a parent check to make sure you are following these directions right the first time.)
 Here’s your problem for today. 2 + 3 = 5
 Now I want you to look at your left hand. How many fingers are on it? 5, right? Now, hold three of your fingers together with your right hand. You have two fingers free and three fingers being held. That’s two plus three equals five. Now, hold onto just two fingers. You have three fingers free and two fingers being held. That’s three plus two. So what does 3 + 2 = ? 5! You still have five fingers! It doesn’t matter which way you hold them. So, we learned that 2 + 3 = 5 AND 3 + 2 = 5
 Add it to your facts list.
 Let’s practice. Change the first ten to a 2. Change the second ten to a 3. Do ten problems.
 Play musical memory. Press okay to start.
 Do a fun dot to dot. Choose the last category, 81 – 100.
 Now here’s your math problem to learn today. I want you to remember that 3 + 3 = 6. 3 + 3 = 6, Say it out loud, “Three plus three equals six.”
 Add it to your facts list.
 Let’s practice. Change the first ten to a 3. Change the second ten to a 3. Do ten problems.
 Get out six coins (or you could use something else). Put them all together in a pile. That’s 6 + 0. Six coins plus no more coins. Move one coin off all by itself. That’s 5 coins plus 1 coin. You still have six coins, right? 5 + 1 = 6. And, if you look at it the other way it’s 1 + 5 = 6. Now move another coin to be with the one coin. Now you have a pile of 4 coins and a pile of 2 coins. That’s 4 + 2 = 6. Move one more coin so they both have three coins. That’s 3 + 3 = 6. Do you see how there is always the same number of coins? The answer is always 6. But there are lots of ways to get that answer because you can move the coins into different combinations.
 Now here’s your math problem to learn today. I want you to remember that 2 + 4 = 6. That means that 4 + 2 = 6 too! 2 + 4 = 6 and 4 + 2 = 6 Say it out loud, “Two plus four equals six. Four plus two equals six.”
 Add it to your facts list.
 Let’s practice. Change the first ten to a 2. Change the second ten to a 4. Do fifteen problems.
 Draw the problem 3 + 4 = 7 Draw three stars (or whatever you want) and then a + sign. Then draw four more. How many do you have? 7!
 Here’s your math problem of the day. I want you to remember that 3 + 4 = 7. Say it out loud, “Three plus four equals seven. Four plus three equals seven.” 3 + 4 = 7 and 4 + 3 = 7
 Add it to your facts list.
 Let’s practice. Change the first ten to a 3. Change the second ten to a 4. Do fifteen problems.
 Either get out your number papers and line them up on the floor, or get out your worksheet from day 21 with the number lines on it. Find 4 and either stand on it or put your finger on it. Now move four more. What number are you on?
 Here’s today’s addition problem to remember. 4 + 4 = 8 Say it, “Four plus four equals 8.”
 Add it to your facts list.
 Let’s practice. Change the first ten to a 4. Change the second ten to a 4. Do fifteen problems.
 Addition counting game Remember you can count to add. Use the marbles IF you need to.
 Play musical memory. Press okay to start.
Counting (backwards, by ten)
Day 31
 Let’s count backwards! Choose counting backwards. Start at 20 and count down.
 Let’s practice addition. Change the first ten to a 4. Change the second ten to a 4. Do fifteen problems.
 Get a whole bunch of legos or something else you can stack. Count out ten and make them into a stack.
 If you have enough, make another stack of ten.
 Do you have more? If so, make another stack of ten. (It’s okay if you don’t.)
 Put away the rest.
 So, you should have 3 stacks of ten.
 1 stack of ten is ten legos, right? 10
 2 stacks of ten is twenty legos. 20 Is that right? (Count if you’re not sure.)
 3 stacks of ten would be thirty legos. 30
 4 stacks of ten would be forty legos. 40
 5 stacks of ten would be fifty, 50.
 Here’s your math problem of the day. I want you to remember that 2 + 5 = 7. 2 + 5 = 7 and 5 + 2 = 7 Say it out loud, “Two plus five equals seven. Five plus two equals seven.”
 Add it to your facts list.
 Let’s practice. Change the first ten to a 5. Change the second ten to a 2. Do fifteen problems.
 Read and look at this page on counting by tens.
 Watch the video on counting by tens.
 Here’s your math problem of the day. three plus five equals eight, 3 + 5 = 8, five plus three equals eight, 5 + 3 = 8
 Add it to your facts list.
 Let’s practice. Change the first ten to a 5. Change the second ten to a 3. Do fifteen problems.
 Play this counting by ten game. You want to count by 10. Choose 10s.
 Here’s your math problem of the day. four plus five equals nine, 4 + 5 = 9, five plus four equals nine, 5 + 4 = 9
 Add it to your facts list.
 Let’s practice. Change the first ten to a 4. Change the second ten to a 5. Do fifteen problems.
 Here’s your math problem to remember. Look at your two hands. Hold them out in front of you. You have five fingers on your left hand and five fingers on your right hand. That’s five plus five fingers. How many fingers do you have in all? 10! So, 5 + 5 = 10, say it, “five plus five equals ten” That’s an easy one to remember, right?
 Add it to your facts list.
 Play this addition game. Click on “Practice Facts 1 – 5”
 Play this addition game. Click on Practice Facts 1 – 5.
 Play this addition game.
 Play this addition game. Click on Relaxed Mode under Sums to 10.
 Play this addition game. Click on Practice Facts 1 – 5.
 Play this math game. Click on addition and easier.
 Good job!
 *Print out the Day 41 addition worksheet. Fill in all the blanks. (Give this to your homeschool parent to put in your portfolio.) Answers
 Remember odd and even? Read this story (click on the arrow to go to the next page) and answer the questions.
 Practice with odd and even.
 Practice your addition. Choose a game under Math 1 – Addition.
 Put the cars in order.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 How well do you know your ordinal numbers? (first, second, third…)
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Count by tens. Color in the squares as you count: ten, twenty, thirty, forty…
 Play an algebra game with your child.
 Have your child put their hand flat on a table.
 Place one object at the end of each finger (coin, fish cracker, nut, paper clip, tiny piece of paper, etc.)
 Have your child close their eyes.
 Take away any number of things and hold them in your hand.
 Ask your child how many are in your hand.
Patterns, Addition Practice
Day 46
 Find the missing piece in the pattern. Choose level 1.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Do this pattern game. Choose level 2.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Try level 3 in the pattern game. Read the pattern out loud to help you, ie. blue, red, yellow, blue, red, what’s next?
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Can you answer all the questions in this pattern lesson?
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Try level 4 of the pattern game.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Read the instruction at the top of the page. It will say something like “greater than 18.”
 Double click on a number that is greater than 18. You have to get the rabbit just right.
 When you are right, the rabbit will eat the carrot and a new instruction will come up.
 Play several times and then close.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Watch the video on the symbols for comparing numbers.
 Follow the directions to label the first number is more than or less than the second number. Choose 1 and Easy to get started. hint: The crocodile wants to eat the bigger number.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 *Print out and fill in the Day 53 worksheet on comparing numbers. Answers
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Click on Compare Numbers. Click on “Numbers to 100.” Click on the Check button when you are done.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Practice your addition. Choose a game under Math 1 – Addition.
 Play musical memory. Press okay to start.
 Measure! Read the ruler and tell how long things are in centimeters.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Measure in inches.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Measure the teddy bear. Try different levels.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 What to use to measure? Click on the arrow to turn the page.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Do the Day 60 addition facts to 5 worksheet. Use your answers to complete the maze. Answers
 Do the Day 61 addition worksheet. Use what you know to solve the puzzles. Think, “What plus five equals six?” If you can’t think of the answer, put in a guess and see if it’s too high or too low and then guess again. You can do it! Answers
 Play with the thermometer. F on the right stands for Fahrenheit which is how we measure temperature in America. C on the left stands for Celsius which is how we measure temperature everywhere else!
 How hot is the desert?
 How cold is ice?
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 What temperature is it? Read the number at the top of the red line.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Weigh the mail. Choose the second option from the top, 100 grams. Put the letters and packages on the scale to weigh them. Type in the number on the scale and click on check.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Make a musical pattern.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Is the number greater than or less than the other?
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Which cat is orange? Click on the right ordinal number (first, second, third…)
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Try the level 5 pattern game. You’ll be telling it the next two objects in the pattern.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Play musical memory. Press okay to start.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Can you find what’s the same? Choose Picture to Picture and Memory.
 Build a pattern. Click on a shape. Click a color. Drag it into place. Repeat. Can you make a pattern?
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 What can you build? Click on the different shapes and move them into the construction site where it matches.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 *Make shapes using the two pages for Day 74. Cut out the shapes and put them together to make other shapes. What can you make?
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Practice your addition. Choose a game under Math 1 – Addition.
 Watch the shape video.
 *Print the shapes for Day 75.
 You could color or cut out the shapes.
 Here’s a shape game. Choose the third option.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Here’s a shapes story to read.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Do this shape puzzle.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 *Count, and if you want, color the shapes. Answers
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Fractions are part of a whole number. You already know more about fractions than you think.
 When you break a candy bar in half in order to share it with someone, that’s a fraction. You each have one half. We write that as a one over a two with a line in between. We type it like this 1/2.
 If you have a small pizza, it is cut into four slices. If there are four people, you each take one of the four slices. We write 1/4. That just means one of the four. That’s how you write it in math language. We say “one fourth.”
 Go through the fraction lesson and then make the pizzas to order as best you can.
 Let’s see if you can count the colored parts. Click on start. The square is divided into four parts like the square you painted. Count how many of the parts are colored blue. If one part is colored blue, then it is 1/4, one fourth which just means in math language that one of the four parts is blue.
Day 83 (Materials needed: a piece of white paper, two crayons or markers)
 Take a piece of paper. It’s going to become your flag.
 Fold it in half. Turn it and fold it in half again.
 How many pieces did you divide the paper into? (answer: 4)
 Four is your denominator.
 Color in one fourth (one piece) one color. That color is one fourth of your flag.
 Color in two fourths (two pieces) another color. That color is two fourths of your flag, one half of it.
 How many pieces are white? What fraction is white? (answer: 1, one fourth)
 Play Around the World in 80 Seconds. Click on addition and EASIER.
 Read about Frank and Fran’s Fabulous Fractions. (You can only shade the top half. If you attempt to shade the bottom half it will take you back to the first screen.)
 Let’s see if you can get across the river.
 Remember if there are three parts to the circle, then the number on the bottom is a three. The number on the bottom tells us how many parts it’s divided into to.
 Play with fractions. Scroll down to the Interactive Fraction Maker. Put your mouse on the square to start it. Type in different numbers for the numerator (top) and denominator (bottom). You can also change what the fraction appears as. What do the pictures show?
 See if you can figure out these fractions. 1/5 means one of the five parts.
 Read this story about halves, thirds, fourths and fifths. Thirds are when something is divided into three parts, like 1/3. Fourths are when something is divided into four parts, like 3/4. Fifths is when something is divided into five parts, like 2/5. In math language, two fifths, 2/5, just means two of the five parts. It could mean two of the five pieces of cake, or two of the five kids are wearing hats. In math we say two fifths and write, 2/5.
 Play Dude’s Dilemma. Click on addition and EASY.
 Learn about pennies.
 Get out some pennies and count them with a parent or sibling. If you are using a different currency, you can compare and practice with your own coins.
 Here’s an online quiz that will let you count pennies.
 Paint a car. Choose 0 – 5.
 Watch the video on counting by fives.
 Count by five dot to dot.
 Learn about nickels.
 Click on the nickel to count money.
 Get out some nickels and count how much they are worth with a parent or sibling.
 Watch the video on counting by tens. (Click the box in the bottom right corner of the video to make it full screen.)
 Tell the game you want to count by 10.
 Learn about dimes.
 Take a quiz. You can choose dimes first. Then you can click on “Back” in the bottom left corner and click on dimes and nickels and pennies. Count the coin values.
 Get out some dimes and count how much they are worth with a parent or sibling.
 How much money? BINGO Choose pennies and the 3×3 box.
 Play with the blocks. What numbers can you make?
 Get out some nickels and pennies. Count the nickels by counting by five. Then add on the pennies. Example: 3 nickels and 4 pennies. Hold up 3 fingers or make three marks on a paper and count them by five: 5, 10, 15. Add on 4 pennies. Hold up four fingers or make four marks on a paper and count ON from 15: 16,17,18,19.
 How much money? BINGO Choose pennies and nickels.
 Get out some dimes, nickels, and pennies. Count the dimes by counting by ten. Then add on the pennies. Example: 4 dimes, 1 nickel, and 6 pennies. Hold up four fingers or make four marks on a paper and count them by ten: 10, 20, 30, 40. Count on one five, 45. Add on 6 pennies: 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51.
 How much money? BINGO Choose pennies, nickels and dimes.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Count the nickels and pennies.
 Learn about quarters. 4 quarters is 100 cents or 1 dollar.
 Get out some quarters and count up how much they are worth with a parent or sibling.
 Learn about money and count it up!
 If you are having trouble, get out some coins and practice adding them up with a grownup. Practice every day until it’s easy peasy for you.
 Music turtle!
 Click on practice facts 1 – 5.
 Take a trip to the candy store. If any of these money games are too hard, skip them and get out your parents’ coins and count money that way. Have a parent or older sibling check and make sure you added correctly.
 Count the money.
 Click on relaxed mode level 1. If the ad on the page is yucky, reload.
 This one is a bit trickier. Can you make the right amount? When you think you are ready, “buy” the item. You will buy the item if it’s the right amount. If it’s too much it will show the > symbol. If it’s not enough, it will show the < symbol. Keep working on it until you can buy the item. You can buy as many as you like.
 Count the coins. Do you have enough money to buy it?
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Music turtle!
 Get out a handful of coins.
 Sort them into groups: all pennies into one group, all quarters into one group (or whatever currency you are using)
 Line them up into rows. (These are not American coins.)
 Now count up how many are in each group and write it down. For example: write “penny” or draw a penny and write “4” if you have four pennies. Do that for each row, for each type of coin.
 Now take the paper over to where you have Legos or some kind of block.
 Make a tower for each type of coin. Get red Legos and if you have 4 pennies then build a tower with 4 red Legos.
 Do that for each coin. Use a different colored Lego for each tower.
 Here’s another example. If you have 6 nickels, then take 6 blue Legos and build a tower.
 When you have all of your towers, line them up next to each other. This is a bar graph.
 Save your paper. You are going to keep working on your towers and make more bar graphs.
 Get out your paper from yesterday.
 Build your towers again using this online tool. Just like yesterday, if you had 4 pennies, then you will make a tower of four blocks. Each tower must be different. Use a different color or a different shape for each tower. You can delete all of the zeros in the side numbers. If you had four blocks in a tower, then you will make your picture go up to four in that color.
 This is just an example. Your graph will look different because you have a different number of coins.
 When you are finished making your towers, explain to someone what each tower means. For example, you will show them your tower with four blocks and tell them that means you had 4 pennies. Tell them it is a bar graph.
 Play this addition game. Click on practice facts 15.
 Get out your paper again.
 *Now I want you to draw towers for each of your piles. You can use special paper called graph paper that has boxes all in rows and columns. Print out the graph page for Day 108.
 If you have 4 pennies, then in the first column you will color in four blocks. Then you can turn the paper sideways and write penny next to the column. Make sure you use a different color for each coin.
 In the space on the left, you can turn the paper sideways and write “Coin Count.”
 Play this addition game. Click on practice facts 15.
 *Print out the Day 109 bar graph worksheet. Color in the right number of blocks for each kind of fruit. If there are none of a certain kind, color in zero blocks. You can click on the link to check your graph when you are finished. Answers
 Play this addition game. Click on practice facts 15.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Music turtle!
 Play with this pie chart or pie graph. We built bar graphs before to show how much we had of different things. We can use fractions and pie graphs to show how much as well. (Note: 25% is 1/4, 50% is 1/2, 33% is 1/3)
 *We’re going to make a pie chart to show how many bugs there are of each type. Color in a slice of pie for each bug of that color. Answers
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Find the correct graph. There is a little speaker you can click on to have it read the question to you.
 Read “I Am Special.”
 Play Fruit Fall.
 Read “Kids Have Pets.”
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Read “Kinds of Graphs.” (If there is no next button, scroll down.)
 Play with this bar graph maker. You can click on the words to delete them and write your own. Can you make a graph of how you spend your time? You can make your labels: school, play, read, eat, sleep, and whatever else. Each block could be one hour. (You can click on the numbers to change them too.)
 Get out 5 blocks or coins or something, all the same. I’m going to use blocks.
 You have 5 blocks. Lay them down. Pick up one in your hand. How many are laying there now? 4, of course!
 There are 4 down and 1 in your hand. 4 + 1 = 5. You knew that. Now we are seeing that five take away one is four. In math we say: five minus one equals four or 5 – 1 = 4
 This is called subtraction.
 Write that big word on the top of a piece of paper and write underneath it 5 – 1 = 4
 Now play with your blocks. If you take away 2, how many are left? If you take away 5, how many are left?
 Get out ten blocks (or whatever).
 Lay five blocks out together.
 Add on one block. 5 + 1 = 6 Say it out loud, “Five plus one equals six.”
 Add another block. 6 + 1 = 7 Each time say the math problem out loud.
 Add another block. 7 + 1 = 8
 Add another block. 8 + 1 = 9
 Add another block. 9 + 1 = 10
 Now take away a block. 10 – 1 = 9 Say it out loud, “Ten minus one equals nine.”
 Take away another block. 9 – 1 = 8 Continue to say each problem out loud.
 Continue until you have no blocks.
 If you had 100 blocks, and I took all 100 away, how many blocks would you have? (answer: zero)
 If you had 1 million blocks, and I took away 1 million blocks, how many blocks would you have? (answer: zero)
 If you had one block, and you gave me one block, how many blocks would you have? (answer: zero)
 If you had five blocks, and you didn’t give me any, how many blocks would you have? (answer: you would still have five blocks)
 If you had nine blocks, and you gave me zero blocks, how many blocks would you have? (answer: nine)
 If you have seven blocks, and I took from you zero blocks, how many blocks would you have? (answer: seven)
 *Fill in the subtracting zero and one worksheet for Day 118. Answers
 *Fill in another subtracting zero and one worksheet. Answers
 Feeling good about starting to subtract?
 Play subtraction harvest. The wiggling apples are going to fall. How many apples will be left on the tree? If you aren’t sure, count the still apples.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
Subtraction Introduction cont. and Fraction Review
Day 121
 When we subtract, we take away from what we already have. If you have 5 and take 0 away, you still have 5. If you have 5 and take 1 away, you have four. That’s 5 minus 1 equals 4. 5 – 1 = 4 Subtraction is the opposite of addition. If you have four and add back on one, then you have five. These facts are all relatives: 1 + 4 = 5 , 4 + 1 = 5 , 5 – 1 = 4, 5 – 4 = 1 Whenever you see a subtraction problem with the two numbers right next to each other on the number line (like 5 and 4 or 6 and 7 or 8 and 9) then the answer will be one. If you have nine candies and I take eight, then you will only have one left. If I take all nine away, you will have zero.
 Play feed the frog. This game has missing numbers. It might ask 4 + __ = 5 In this game you will have to think, “What plus 4 equals 5?” The answer is 1. 1 + 4 = 5 This is practice for subtraction.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Remember if you take away 5 from 5 you have nothing, 0. If you take 4 away from 5, you still have 1 left. 5 – 4 = 1
 *Do the Day 122 subtraction worksheet. Answers
 Do you remember how to build fractions? The bottom number tells you how many pieces to divide the shape into. The top number tells you how many parts are filled in.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Here’s a new problem: 5 – 3 = 2 , 5 – 2 = 3 These are related to: 2 + 3 = 5 , 3 + 2 = 5
 *Do the Day 123 subtraction worksheet. Answers
 Play this fraction golf game. Remember that the bottom number tells how many parts the circle is divided into and the top part tells you how many of the parts should be colored in. Follow the directions on the screen to get a hole in one!
 Play this subtraction game. Pop the balloons to count down.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Play Fraction Pizza. Choose level one.
 Play subtraction harvest.
 Play feed the frog.
 Hold one hand up. You have five fingers. Put down your thumb. That’s 5 – 1 = 4. Now switch your fingers. Put down four and leave your thumb up. That’s 5 – 4 = 1. Switch your fingers back and forth. Now hold up four fingers. Now lift up your thumb. That’s 4 + 1 = 5. With your fingers you can make the whole 1, 4, 5 family. 1 + 4 = 5 , 4 + 1 = 5 , 5 – 1 = 4 , 5 – 4 = 1
 What other subtraction problem can you make on your hand? How about 5 – 2 = 3 and 5 – 3 = 2?
 Draw a picture to show 5 – 2 = 3.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Count down subtraction. You can just do 10 problems.
 Get out blocks or coins or something and show that 3 + 3 = 6 and 6 – 3 = 3.
 Here’s your family of the day. 2 + 4 = 6 , 4 + 2 = 6 , 6 – 4 = 2 , 6 – 2 = 4
 Draw a picture or use blocks to show how this family works.
 Do these subtraction flash cards.
 Here’s your problem of the day. 4 + 4 = 8 , 8 – 4 = 4
 Hold up four fingers on both hands and show that four plus four equals eight and eight minus four equals four.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Here’s your problem of the day. 5 + 5 = 10 , 10 – 5 = 5
 *Do the Day 130 subtraction worksheet. Answer
 Music turtle!
 *Let’s fill in some fact families. Fact Families.
 In one triangle of circles, write 5 in the “whole” circle. In the bottom two circles write 2 and 3. Now explain how they are a family. 2 and 3 are two parts of the whole. If you put them together, they make the whole. 2 + 3 = 5 and 3 + 2 = 5. If you start with the whole, and take away one of the parts, you have the other part leftover. 5 – 2 = 3 and 5 – 3 = 2.
 Now do the same thing with another triangle of circles. This time fill it in for the 2, 4, 6 family. Explain how they are a fact family.
 Parent note: The answer key has a couple of differences than what I ended up having them fill in. Most of the facts are there the same, though.
 (You are only filling out two of the fact family triangles today. Save the page to add fact families in the coming days.) Answers
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Let’s learn a new subtraction fact. You know that 3 + 4 = 7 and that 4 + 3 = 7, right?
 Here is the subtraction half of that fact family. 7 – 4 = 3 and 7 – 3 = 4.
 *Do the Day 132 subtraction worksheet.
 Play this subtraction game. Click on facts 1 and 2. If you don’t know one of the answers, count down or try and think of its fact family.
 Let’s learn another subtraction fact. You know that 2 + 5 = 7 and that 5 + 2 = 7.
 To subtract we say 7 – 5 = 2 and 7 – 2 = 5.
 *Can you fill in the addition and subtraction problems for each family? Do the worksheet. Answers
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Let’s do one more fact family this week. 3 + 5 = 8 , 5 + 3 = 8
 Subtract them. 8 – 3 = 5 and 8 – 5 = 3.
 Take out 8 coins or blocks and show that 8 – 5 = 3 and 8 – 3 = 5.
 Fill in another triangle on your Day 131 fact family page.
 Play this subtraction game. Click on facts 1 and 2.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Music turtle!
 Do you remember that 10 – 5 = 5 , 8 – 4 = 4 , 6 – 3 = 3 , 4 – 2 = 2 ? Go tell someone all those facts! Then write them on your fact family page from Day 131.
 Play feed the frog.
 Do 15 Count Down Subtraction problems. Fill in the minimum and maximum as 3 and 8. Fill in the bottom numbers minimum and maximum as 0 and 5.
 Let’s do another fact family. You know that 4 + 5 = 9 and that 5 + 4 = 9.
 Let’s subtract them. 9 – 5 = 4 9 – 4 = 5 Go and tell someone.
 Hold up your hands and fold down one thumb. On one hand you have 5 fingers showing. On the other hand you have four fingers showing. Your hands together show that 5 + 4 = 9.
 Hide the hand with all five fingers out. That shows that 9 – 5 = 4.
 Now show that 9 – 4 = 5.
 Let’s fill in one more fact family on your Day 131 page.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Play subtraction bowling.
 Play subtraction baseball .
 Minus Mission
 Go fishing.
 Music turtle!
 Do you remember that 10 – 5 = 5 , 8 – 4 = 4 , 6 – 3 = 3 , 4 – 2 = 2 ? Go tell someone all those facts!
 Subtraction Blast
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Add the nickels and pennies. Click on the nickel and penny pictures and then start.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Subtraction.
 Add nickels and pennies. Which is worth more?
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Count the value of the dimes.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Subtraction.
 Match the quarters.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Do you have enough money?
Review graphs, fractions
Day 146
 Play Minus Mission.
 Play fruit fall. Remember bar graphs!
 Play Around the World in 80 Seconds, addition.
 Make a circle graph (or pie chart). Type in each kind of fruit you have in your house. Then type in how many of each type of fruit you have. If you have 8 oranges, then type orange under name and 8 under value. When you are done, click on create printable graph. Which color is the biggest? Look at the color boxes on the side of your graph. Which fruit is marked by that color? That’s the fruit that you have the most of!
 Play Dude’s Dilemma, subtraction.
 Make fractions. Change the numerators and denominators. You can see your fractions shown as different things.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Play cross the river.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Subtraction.
 Music turtle!
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Learn to tell time.
 You can practice first by clicking on the arrow on the left to change the hour. The short hand points to the hour. The long hand will point to the 12. That means there are zero minutes. When the short hand points to five and the long hand points to twelve, that’s 5:00, five o’clock.
 Then you can try level 1. First click on AM/PM if you need to in order to make it match the directions. Then drag the hands around to make the time.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Subtraction.
 Practice with a clock.
 *You could print out a clock to practice with.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Play with the clock. Can you make it say one o’clock?
 Subtraction flashcards
 Learn about telling time. Click on the little clocks to turn the page.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Subtraction.
 What time is it? Match the clocks.
 Subtraction flashcards
 What time is it? Match the clocks again.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Subtraction.
 What time is it?
 Addition flashcards
 Take the time quiz.
 Choose a game from Math 1 – Addition.
 Play with a clock. Type in a time.
Patterns/Beginner Algebraic Concepts
Day 161*
 Build a train across Canada. It gives you which piece you have to use on the right, and then you can see what pieces come next. You can “throw away” pieces by putting them in the top right corner. The train will go straight until the track forces it to turn. You can’t tell it to turn a certain place. See if you can complete one level.
 *Fill in the time on the Day 161 clock worksheet. Sometimes you have to draw the hands on the clock. Sometimes you have to write the time. Answers
 Place the Roman numerals in the block. I = 1, V = 5, X = 10 Just do your best.
 *Fill in the time on the Day 162 clock worksheet. Answers
 Be a pattern detector.
 *Let’s do one more clock worksheet. Have a parent check your answers.
 Play Busy Bees.
 Do these subtraction flashcards.
 Play musical memory. Press okay to start.
 Do these addition flashcards.
 What time is it? Match the clocks.
 Subtraction Flashcards
 Match the quarters.
 Minus Mission
 Addition Flashcards
 Choose subtraction and addition games from Math 1.
 Practice with coins. First click on the papers on the bottom and choose “four numbers.” Put twentyfive cents in each square, but make each square different! When you are done, click on the numbers “1 2 3” at the bottom and it will count up your coins and see if you are right. Then you can play around with it!
 Today play with fractions. Use the scissors to cut your circle into parts. Then use the paint to color in some of the parts. Click on the numbers at the bottom to see what fractions you made.
 See if you can find all of the correct matches.
 Click on boxes in a row that add up to the target number.
 Here’s the same type of game as Day 174.
 Color in all the odd numbers.
 Drive like a monkey!
 Catch Falling Stars!
 Drive like a monkey!

 Catch Falling Stars!
 Congratulations on finishing first level math!
Donate/Say Thanks
awesome!! I had been looking for simple to use, yet effective curriculum for my son. This is the kind of stuff I want to do. But I’m thinking he might be more Kindergarten level. He is 6. But maybe he’ll surprise me. Thank you for all your work into this and for making it available!!!
You are welcome. How is his reading? Use his reading level to decide if he should do kindergarten or 1st.