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Lesson 45 – Drawing and Painting
Your shading should be dark in the darkest places on the apple and light in the lightest places. The apple I drew was mostly red, but there was some yellow around the stem. Yellow is a lighter color than red, so I didn’t shade as much in the yellow area as I did in the red area.
Be careful not to smear the drawing with your hand. If you want to rest your hand on the drawing, put a different piece of paper in between your hand and your drawing so that your hand will not touch your drawing.
Next, shade the highlights, if there are any on your apple. There are two highlights on my apple because there were two windows in the room I was drawing in.
Highlights are not usually completely white. They might be a little blue, if the light is coming from a window and the sky outside is blue. If the highlights on your apple are not pure white, they need to be shaded a little bit.
Here is an up-close photo of the shading in my highlights. The top one is a little bit lighter than the bottom one.
Look carefully at the apple you are drawing to see if there are any reflections on it from the table or anything else in the room. If there are, make sure you include them in your drawing.
The apple I drew was on a white table, and some light from the window reflected off the table and on to the apple. That is why there is a white spot at the bottom of my apple and another white spot on the right side of my apple near the top.
Next, shade the stem and the leaf, if the apple you are drawing has them.
Look at your apple carefully to see if there are any tiny dots on it. If the dots on your apple are lighter than the rest of your apple, use an eraser to make dots in your drawing. If the dots on your apple are darker than the rest of your apple, use your pencil to draw the dots.
Finally, shade the cast shadow your apple makes on the table. You need to do this so that your apple will not look like it is floating in the air. The table is flat, so the lines you use to shade the shadow should be straight, not curved.
In this drawing, the edge of the shadow is soft and there is a lighter shadow on each side of the dark shadow. This is because there was more than one light in the room I was drawing in.